Echipamente de protectie Safety Equipements

EN 342

EN 342

Protection against cold

Norms: EN 342:2004 - Supersedes ENV 342:1998
Protection against cold (temperatures lower then -5°C)

The following parameters are used:

a: (U) Icler; basic resulting insulation
+ type of reference underwear

b: 2. b: (U) Icle; resulting thermal insulation
optional: "X" means not tested

a (U) and b (U): measured resulting thermal insulation

These values (in m2 K/W) are measured on a 'moving' (Icler) or a 'static' (Icle) thermal man-like manikin (see picture), wearing sensors on different parts of the body.

(U) = indicates the type of underwear used on the manikin

B) = reference underwear for suits/coveralls: shirt with long sleeves, long undertrousers, additional thermal underwear, socks, felt slippers, knitted gloves, balaclava

(C) = customized underwear as specified by the manufacturer

(4. (R) = reference underwear when only a jacket or trouser is measured. In this case the additional thermal underwear is replaced by a shirt and lightweight workwear. The Icler value of all this underwear +/- 0,185 m2.K/W

By testing the complete garment on a mannequin, also the design of the protective garment is fully taken into account

The orange-red colour indicates an important heat loss, whereas the blue shades indicate the well insulated zones

EN 343

EN 343

Protection against rain

Norms: EN 343:2003 / EN 343:2003/A1:2007 - Supersedes ENV 343:1998

Resistance to water penetration and water vapour resistance are the two main properties which are tested in the EN 343.

The following parameters are used:

1. X: Resistance to water penetration (3 levels)

Resistance to water penetration is the most important quality for an adequate protection. The resistance to water penetration is expressed in kPa but a more understandable expression is in millimetre water columm.

2. Y: Water vapour resistance - Breathing properties (3 levels)

The classic and easy to understand unity for breathability was defined in g/m2 per 24 hours. However EN 343 uses a water vapour resistance value Ret (m2. Pa/W), which is measured by the 'so-called' skinmodel test ISO 11092.

For a clear understanding the higher the Ret value, the higher the resistance of the fabric, the less vapour passes through in these particular lab conditions (static, ISO temperature 35° C)

Breathable garments evacuate the perspiration away from the skin and from the garments. When too much humidity has accumulated in the clothing, condensation occurs and the skin feels clammy.

In cold atmospheric circumstances one risks to cool down too quickly; otherwise in warm circumstances, the rhythm of the heart will increase and after some time there is a risk of heat stress. One feels comfortable when the amount of heat which is drawn away.

EN 471

EN 471

High-visibility warning clothing

Norms EN 471: 2003 / EN 471: 2003 / A1: 2007

Visibility in daytime, twilight and darkness.

Because this type of clothing, the wearer's visibility is improved, reducing the risk of accidents.

EN 471 has two different performance classes:

X: Surface fluorescent and retro-reflective material (3 levels)

The proportion of fluorescent background material and retro-reflective materials.

Y: retro-reflective material Performance (2 levels)

There are two performance classes for reflective materials (commonly used class "2" lower class "1" is less common.

EN 1149

EN 1149

Electrostatic properties of protective clothing

These garments are used in environments where there is a risk of explosion (ATEX environments). The outer fabric of the garment is anti-static. Annex II, art. 2.3. of the ATEX directive 99/92/CE concerning the protection of workers likely to be exposed to the risk of explosive atmospheres says: "Workers must be provided with appropriate working clothing consisting of materials which do not give rise to electrical discharges that can ignite explosive atmospheres".

Under the scope of the PPE manufactureres Directive 89/686/Ce a series of protective clothing standards have been developed relating to electrostatic properties:

EN 1149-5:2008 - Performance requirements
Anti-static PPE are certified to EN 1149-5 as this standard covers the performance requirements and refers tot the choice of 2 different test methods (EN 1149-1 or EN 1149-3)

EN 1149-1:2006 - Measurements of surface resistivity

This test method is most appropriate for materials for which the electrostatic dissipative behavior is based on surface conductivity (for instance containing surface conductive yarns or a homogenous conductive outside PVC coating layer). This method is not appropriate for core conductive fibres.

EN 1149-3:2004 - Measurements of surface resistivity

This test method is referenced for materials for which the electrostatic dissipative behavior is based on core conducting fibres but can also be used for surface conducting materials. In the 1149 series, there is also an EN 1149-2 (measurement of the electrical resistance through a material; the vertical resistance) which is used as a test method in EN ISO

EN 1486

EN 1486

Protective clothing for firefighters

Test methods and requirements for specialized fire fighting clothing(body, head, arms and legs). This European Standard specifies test methods and minimum performance requirements for reflective protective clothing used in specialised fire-fighting.

This clothing provides protection against flame lick and intense radiant heat and is worn for short periods only, to enable the fire-fighter to enter specific high risk fire-fighting and fire rescue situations whichalso require the use of breathing devices.

This standard only covers protective clothing that relies upon the ability of the outer material to reflect intense heat. This type of reflective clothing may also be used for industrial applications involving highlevels of radiant heat.

Clothing specified in this standard is not included in standard EN 469.

Flame Spread
Heat Transfer (Radiation)
Heat Transfer (Convective)
Contact Heat
Heat Resistance
Dimensional Change
Tensile Strength
Burst Strength
Tear Strength
Seam Strength
Surface Wetting
Whole Garment Testing (Optional)

EN 13034

EN 13034

Protective clothing against liquid chemicals -Limited protective performance

Due to the complex requisites, which are obligatory for these PPE, we gladly refer to the guidelines, which are supplied with the garments.

The guide describes the classification of different properties which must be tested.

EN 13034 covers the lowest level of chemical protection intendent to protect from a potential exposure to small quantities of spray or accidental low volume splashes of less hazardous chemicals against which a complete liquid permeation barrier (at a molecular level) is not required.

The following parameters are used:

Type 6 suits

Type 6 suits protect at least the trunk and limbs (e.g. one-piece coveralls or two piece suits).

Type PB[6] suits

Partial body protection Type PB[6] cover and protect only specific parts of the body (e.g. Jackets, aprons,...).

As for the previously described Type 3 and Type 4 clothing, EN 13034 also refers to (partially different) test methods specified in EN 14325. For all requirements, except for liquid penetration and repellency, at least performance level 1 shall be obtained.

EN 14116

EN 14116

Protective clothing against limited flame spread

Supersedes EN 533:1997

This international standard specifies the performance requirements for the limited flame spread properties of materials and protective clothing.

The standard is not applicable for fire fighters (EN 469) and welders (EN 470 - EN ISO 11611).

The aim is to reduce the possibility of the clothing buring and thereby itself constituting a hazard: the wearer should not get extra injuries due to the burning of his clothing.

The protective clothing is intended to protect workers against occasional brief contact with small flames. The working circumstances offer no significant heat hazard and there is no presence of another type of heat. For protection against heat hazards, we gladly refer to ISO 11612 (Clothing to protect against heat and flame).

The following parameters are used:

Requirements for limited flame spread index 1

The flame does not spread, there are no flaming debris, no afterglow, a hole may be formed.

Requirements for limited flame spread index 2

The flame does not spread, there are no flaming debris, no afterglow, no hole formation.

Requirements for limited flame spread index 3

The flame does not spread, there are no flaming debris, no afterglow, no hole formation, the afterflame times of each individual specimen is less than 2 seconds.

EN 136

Respiratory protection - Face masks with full coverage

EN136 is the European standard that covers the technical specifications for Full Face Masks. A full face respirator is defined as covering the eyes, nose, mouth and chin. The masks can be manufactured in natural rubber, EPDM or silicone rubber.

There are three classes of Full Face Masks:

Class 1 Light duty and low maintenance

Class 2 General duty, with maintainable parts

Class 3 Heavy duty for fire fighters

EN 140

EN140 is the European standard that covers the technical specifications for both Half & Quarter masks. A half mask is defined as covering the nose, mouth and chin, and a quarter mask as covering only the nose and mouth. Both types of mask usually have their face pieces manufactured from natural or synthetic based rubber allowing the mask the flexibility to fit the contours of the face.

EN 149

Respiratory protection devices- Face masks

This European Standard specifies minimum requirements for semi-masks, respiratory protection against particles.

EN149: 2001 + A1: 2009 replaces EN149. This revised standard specifies the exposure test (120mg) according to EN13274-7. In addition, disposable masks / one shift (NR) or reusable / more than one shift (R).

EN 166

This standard covers all the basic requirements for protective eyewear and will be marked on the lens and frame properly.

EN 175

Equipment for eye and face protection during welding and allied processes

This European Standard specifies safety requirements and test methods for personal protective equipment used to protect the operator's eyes and face against harmful optical radiation and other specific risks or hazards in usual welding, cutting or similar operations.

EN 345

This international standard specifies requirements for basic and optional for safety shoes use in various purposes: mechanical risks, slip-resistant, ergonomic behavior.

The classification system used to identify protection provided by the footwear is listed below:

-SB - This toe cap provides protection against finger injuries from impact with falling objects. The level of protection provided is 200 joules. The product provides compression to prevent injuries in case your fingers are trapped under a heavy object. The protection level is 15 kN.

-SBP - is composed of SB and additional penetration resistance.

-S1 - is composed of SB and additionally : support area closed, antistatic properties and energy absorption in support area.

-S1P - is formed of S1 and additionally resistant to penetration.

-S2 - is composed of S1 and additionally : penetration resistance, water resistance and absorption.

-S3 - is composed of S2 and additionally : outsole clamp applied and resistance to penetration.

-S4 - 200 joules toe protection. All polymer footwear or rubber footwear has antistatic properties and energy absorption in support area.

EN 352

Hearing safety devices.

This standard stipulates that persons working in environments with noise levels between 80dBA (lower level of action) and 85dB must have adequate hearing protection on request. When noise levels exceed 85 dBA(action level), adequate hearing protection must be provided and worn.

EN 352 Part 1 Ear-muffs

EN 352 Part 2 Ear-plugs

EN 352 Part 3 Ear-muffs attached to an industrial safety helmet

EN 352 Part 4 Level-dependent ear-muffs

EN 353

Personal Protective Equipment – Fall Protection

EN 353-1 Personal Protective Equipment - Guided type fall arresters (on a rail). Vertical travelling device locking onto a rail as result of a fall.

EN 353-2 Personal Protective Equipment - Guided type fall arresters (on a rope/cable). Vertical travelling device working on a wire cable or a rope, locking in a fall e.g. ClimbLatch

EN 354

This standard indicates that the belt has passed the test of resistance freefall without charge or issue you cause undue damage.

EN 358

Personal protective equipment for positioning during work and preventing falls from height - Centre for positioning during work and restraint and positioning during work.

This standard confirms that the belt and the belt positioning during work withstood the test of static power for more than 3 minutes without releasing loads.

EN 360

Personal Protective Equipment – Fall Protection - Retractable type

This standard deals with the fall arrester device auto-lock and self retractable belt system. An energy dissipating element can be built into the equipment.

EN 361

Personal Protective Equipment – Fall Protection. Full body harnesses.

This standard says that the harness passed the freefall test which implies a freefall weighing 50 kg to simulate a person. This shows how the harness will respond in a fall .

EN 362

Personal Protective Equipment – Fall Protection - Connectors.

This standard shows that all connectors in this range have passed the endurance test required for this standard.

EN 364

Personal Protective Equipment – Fall Protection. Test methods.

Detail of test methods to be carried out in the laboratories of an accredited test house, to confirm the products compliance with the requirements of the standard

EN 374

Protective gloves against chemicals and microorganisms.

EN 374-1: 2003 specifies requirements related Protective gloves against chemicals and / or micro-organisms.

EN 374-2: 2003 specifies test methods related tightness gloves that protect against chemicals and micro-organisms.

EN 374-3: 2003 specifies the determination of the degree of resistance for the materials they are made of protective gloves as permeation caused by various non-gaseous chemicals with high risk in terms of continuous contact.

The gloves must demonstrate that are an effective barrier against liquids and micro-organisms. Performance levels are in accordance with acceptable quality levels (AQL) where samples are collected and tested during production for holes and leaks by inflating with air or filled with water.

Gloves must achieve at least level 2 to be considered resistant to micro-organisms.

Level1 = AQL 4.0
Level2 = AQL 1.5
Level3 = AQL 0.65

EN 381

EN 381

Protective clothing against chain saw injuries

The European standard EN 381 complies with protective clothing for chain saw users.

The norm also prescribes 4 classes that correspond to the chain speed with which the tests have been done.

Not all the classes are authorized in each part of the norm

Class 0: 16 m /s
Class 1: 20 m / s
Class 2: 24 m / s
Class 3: 28 m / s

The norm is divided into several different parts (or designs).

Each part treats a specific part of the body:

EN 381-5:
Personal Protective Equipment - Leg Protectors. This part specifies the demands for leg protection wear and defines three types (or designs) of leg protection wear, according to the kind of protection. The fabrics of type A and B are mainly intended to be used for forestry work by professional lumber jackes who have been trained and informed. The fabrics of type C are intended to be used, either by people who normally don't work with chain saws or in exceptional situations

EN 381-7:
requirements for chain saw protective gloves. This parts specifies the demands for chain saw protective gloves. It describes 2 designs, A and B.

EN 381-9:
requirements for chain saw protective gaiters

EN 381-11:
requirements for upper part of the body

EN 388

Protective gloves against mechanical risks.

It applies to all types of protective gloves, according to the physical and mechanical risks caused by abrasive, blade cuts, tear or puncture. The standard stands with EN420.

Performance levels:

Test Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5
Abrasion resistance (number of cycles) 100 500 2000 8000 -
Blade cut resistance (index) 1.2 2.5 5.0 10.0 20
Cut resistance (N) 10 25 50 75 -
Drilling resistance (N) 20 60 100 150 -


a. Resistance to abrasion: number of cycles required to damage the sample at a constant speed.

b. Wear resistance: maximum force required to wear sample

c. Resistance to penetration: force required to punch holes with a standard sample.

d. Resistance to puncture: strength to punch holes in a sample with a standard drill.

EN 397

Industrial safety helmets

This standard certify : shock absorption, penetration resistance, flame resistance and chin strap for fastening.

EN 407

This standard specifies thermal performance for protective gloves against heat and/or fire. The nature and degree of protection is shown by a pictogram folowed by a series of six performance levels, relating to specific protective qualities. The "heat and flame" pictogram is accompanied by a 6-digit number.


a. Resistance to flammability: based on the length of time the material continues to burn and glow after the source of ignition is removed. The seams of the glove shall not come apart after an ignition time of 15 seconds.

b. Contact heat resistance:based on the temperature range (100-500 °C) at which the user will feel no pain for at least 15 seconds. If an EN level 3 or higher is obtained, the product shall record at least EN level 3 in the flammability test. Otherwise, the maximum Contact heat level shall be reported as level 2.

c. Convective heat resistance:based on the length of time the glove is able to delay the transfer of heat from a flame. A level of performance shall only be mentioned if a performance level3 or 4 is obtained in the flammability test.

d. Radiant heat resistance:based on the length of time the glove is able to delay the transfer of heat when exposed to a radiant heat source. A performance level shall only be mentioned if a performance level 3 or 4 is obtained in the flammability test.

e. Resistance to small splashes of molten metal:the number of molten metal drops required to heat the glove sample to a given level. A performance level shall only be mentioned if a performance level 3 or 4 is obtained in the flammability test.

f. Resistance to large splashes of molten metal:the weight of molten metal required to cause smoothing or pinholing across a simulated skin placed directly behind the glove sample. The test is failed if metal droplets remain stuck to the glove material or if the specimen ignites.

Performance level Contact heat Limit of time exposure
1 100°C >=15s
2 250°C >=15s
3 350°C >=15s
4 500°C >=15s

EN 469

EN 469

Protective clothing for fire fighting.

The following parameters are used:

The new norm gives more importance to ergonomics, to wearer comfort and to the prevention of heat stress.

One of the basic ideas of the new EN 469:2005 is that 3 different letters (X-Y-Z) indicate the level of performance (a lower level 1 or a higher level 2):

XF1 sau XF2

The performance in the heat test: flame

X1 sau X2

The performance in the heat test: radiation

Y1 sau Y2

The performance in the waterproofness tests

Z1 sau Z2

The resistance against water vapour

The members of CEN have approved the new EN 469 on the 22nd July 2005, in order to replace the 10 year old EN 469:1995. Remark that the EN 469 certification of SIOEN fire suits are obtained with garments which have first been washed 25 times at 60°C.

EN 510

PPE risk of entanglement with moving parts

Specification for protective clothing for use where there is risk of entanglement with moving parts.

EN 511

Risks related to cold

This European Standard specifies requirements cold and related testing methods conductive protective gloves against the cold at a temperature of up to -50°C.


a. Conductive cold resistance (performance level 0-4)

b. Resistance to contact cold (performance level 0-4)

c. Resistance waterproof (performance level between 0-1)

EN 531

European Standard for protective clothing for workers exposed to high-temperature conditions (clothing for firemen and welders exclude) specific performance levels following classification:

A – limited spread of flames

B – convective heat protection

C – protection against radiant heat

EN 531 provides protection against: Change dimensional, limited dispersion of flame, convective heat, radiant heat, molten metal splashes and splashes of molten iron.

EN 533

European Standard for protective clothing that protects against heat and flames and prevent the spread of flames materials.

EN 812

This standard specifies physical and performance requirements, test methods and marking requirements for industrial safety helmets.

EN 1073

Protective clothing against radioactive contamination, Part 2

This European Standard specifies requirements and test methods for non-ventilated clothing that protects against radioactive contamirarii. Such clothing is designed to protect only the body, hands and feet puratorului but can be used with accessories that offer additional protection (eg boots, gloves).

EN 10819

The risks associated with protective gloves: Vibration / Shock

This European standard specifies a method for measuring laboratory, data analysis and report vibration transmissibility of gloves in terms of vibration transmitted from a handle in hand, in the frequency range from 31.5Hz up to 1250Hz. This standard defines a method to test for transmission via virbatiilor gloves.

EN 11611

EN 11611

Protective clothing for use in welding and allied processes.

Supersedes EN 470-1:1995

The protective clothing is intended to protect the wearer against small splashes of molten material, short contact time with flame, radiant heat from ARC, the clothing minimizes the possiblity of electrical shock by short accidental contact with live electrical conductors up to 100 V d.c. voltage.

The following parameters are used:

EN 13034

The standard specifies 2 classes with specific performance requirements:

Class 1 - lover level:

less hazardous welding situations

Class 2 - higher level:

more hazardous welding situations

What is an electric ARC?

What are the side effects that occur during an electric arc? An electric arc is a kind of continuous electric discharge that produces a bright light and an intense heat. The arc is produced in a gas between two electrodes at low pressure or in open air. Depending on the amperage, temperatures above 10 000°C can arise out of the ARC. In addition to those extreme temperatures, a high pressure wave also ensues. These high pressure waves can involve metal and chemical splashes and/or steam.

EN 11612

EN 11612

Protective clothing against heat and flame

Replaces EN 531: 1995

This standard replaces EN 531: 1995, but please note that protective clothing which have EN 531 certification is still valid. This standard specifies performance requirements for clothing that protects the body from heat and flame (except hands).

The standard does not apply to fire (EN 469) and welders (EN 470 - EN ISO 11611).

They following parameters are used:

1. Requirements for the parameter A
minimun requirement, textile combination
conform old EN 533 index 3

2. Requirements for the parameter B (B1> B5)
Isolation against heat by convection

3. Requirements for the parameter C (C1> C4)
Isolation against radiant heat

4. Requirements for the parameter D (D1> D3)
Isolation against molten aluminum

5. Requirements for the parameter E (E1> E3)
Isolation against molten iron

EN 12402

Maritime PPE products.

Norm: EN ISO 12402: 2008 - EN 393 - EN 395 - EN 396 - EN 399
The uquipments are divided in 4 types for several situations:

EN 12402-5
50N Buoyancy aids
These have a buoyancy of no less than 50 Newton for the average adult. They are intended for use in sheltered waters where more bulky or buoyant devices would impair the user's activity or actually endanger the user, and when help is close at hand and the user is a conscious, competent swimmer.

EN 12402-4
100N Life jackets
These have a buoyancy of no less than 100 Newton (EN 395) for the average adult. They are intended for use offshore or when foul weather clothing is used.

EN 12402-3
150N Life jackets
These have a buoyancy of no less than 150 Newton (EN 396) for the average adult. They are intended for use offshore or when foul weather clothing is used.

EN 12402-2
275N Life jackets
These have a buoyancy of no less than 275 Newton for the average adult and are intended for use offshore in extreme conditions, when heavy protective clothing is used, or loads such as tool belts are being carried.

EN 12477

Protective gloves for welders

This European standard specifies requirements and test methods for protective gloves for use in manual metal welding, cutting and other associated processes. In accordance with performance, Welder protective gloves are classified into two types:

Type A: Dexterity low (with other high performance)

Type B: high dexterity (with other Underperform)

EN 13688

Protective clothing

General requirements: This international standard specifies requirements and recommendations relating to ergonomic and guide markings for protective clothing sizes (contains informtatii the producer).

EN 13982

This standard specifies the minimum requirements for chemical protective clothing resistant to penetration by airborne particulate (tip5). These articles of clothing are protective equipment ie covering body, hands and feet.

EN 13982-1 applies only to airborne particles.

EN 14058

EN 14058

Protection against cold - Temperatures from and above -5°C

Norm: EN 14058:2004

This standard determines the requirements for personal protective clothing to be worn at temperatures from and above -5°C.

The following parameters are used:

a: Thermal resistance class (3 levels)

This Rct value in m2 K/W is measured on a fabric sample of the material assembly; so it is not measured on a thermal manikin.

For your info: Rct 1 m2. K/W equals 10 TOG or 6.53 CLO (alternative expressions of thermal insulation).

b: Air permeability class (3 levels)
(Optional, X means not tested)

The air permeability of the materials used haved an influence on the extent by which the warmed up insulating air layers in the garments can be replaced by cooler, fresh air. This air permeability (AP) is expressed in mm/s.

c: Water penetration resistance class (2 levels)
(Optional, X means not tested)

When waterproofness is necessary, then a maximum restistance to water vapour permeability RET-value of 55 m2. Pa/W is requested.

d: Icler,; basic resulting thermal insulation
(Optional, X means not tested)

Explanation: see 'e' below.

e: Resulting thermal insulation
(Optional, X means not tested)

Cfr. En 342:2003, these values (in m2 K/W) are measured by putting the garment on a 'moving' (Icler) or 'static' (Icle) thermal man-like manikin with similar reference underwear type 'R' (with the exception of the balaclava and gloves; total Icler insulation underwear +/- 0.175 m2 K/W).When assessed, the min. Icler value is 0.17 m2 K/W and/or the min. Icle is 0.19 m2. K/W.

EN 14126

This standard specifies requirements and test methods for protective clothing for limited use providing protection against infectious agents.

The clothing worn by surgical teams to prevent contamination during surgery is not covered by the scope of this standard.

EN 15614

EN 15614

Test methods and performance requirements for wildland fire fighting clothing.

Norm: EN 15614:2007

Compared with ISO 15384 : 2003, the requirements of EN 15614 : 2007 are similar. But the European standard has a mandatory requirement for fluorescent and retroreflective material. The EN 15614 also adds requirements for pretreatment and washes, thermal tests and seam tests.

Wildland fire fighting has another character than interventions in buildings. In wildland fires, vegetable fuels are burning, such as forests, crops, plantations, grass, farmland.

Forests primarily burn during the summer; the fires last many hours; radiant heat can be elevated. The standard helps to prevent that the fire fighter develop too high levels of metabolic heat. Therefore his protective clothing must be light and effective, without introducing heat stress to the wearer.

A risk assessment should be undertaken; also the other necessary PPE must be studied. The fire fighters should be trained in the use of the PPE.

Wildland PPE is not intended to protect during fire entrapment; it is not applicable for the risks of structural fire fighting (EN 469: 2005) nor for high levels of infrared radiation (EN 1486: reflective clothing for specialized fire fighting).

EN 14605

EN 14605

Protective clothing against liquid chemicals - With permeation resistance test

Due to the complex requisites, which are obligatory for these PPE, we gladly refer to the guidelines, which are supplied with the garments.

The guide describes the classification of different properties which must be tested.

The following parameters are used:

Type 3: Full body clothing, liquid tight connections
Supersedes EN 466:1995

Type 4: Full body clothing, spray tight connections
Supersedes EN 465:1995

Type PB[3] or PB[4]: Items providing protection to parts of the body only
supersedes EN 467:1995

EN 15025

EN 15025

Test method - Limited flame spread

This test measures the limited spread of flames of vertically oriented textile fabrics (one or several layers), when subjected to a small defined flame.

A defined flame from a specified burner is applied for 10 seconds to the surface or to the bottom edge.

The standard describes the burner in detail:

Procedure A: surface ignition
Position the burner perpendicular to the surface of the test fabric
Align the axis of the burner 20mm above the line of the lower pins
Adjust the horizontal reach of the flame to 25 mm
Test six specimens of fabric.

Procedure B: bottom edge ignition.
Position the burner below the test specimen
Inclined upwards with a 30° angle
Adjust the flame height to 40 mm
Test six specimens of fabric

EN 15090

Footwear for firefighters

This standard is divided into three types:

Type 1 - suitable for general purpose rescue, firefighting actions, firefighting actions involving suppression of fire in forest, plantations, grass or agricultural land.

Type 2 - Suitable for extinguishing fires interventions and preservation of the buildings ablaze, interventions extinguishing flames in enclosed spaces such as vessels, vehicles and properties involved in an emergency or fire.

Type 3 - Emergencies involving potentially hazardous materials such as hazardous chemicals that can lead to loss of life, personal injury or damage to property and the environment. All together it is suitable for fire fighting and controloarea plane, buildings, vehicles, vessels and properties are involved in a fire or emergency situation.

EN 20347

This International Standard specifies requirements for basic and optional professional footwear that is not exposed to mechanical risks (impact or compression).

Standard is divided into 6 categories:

0B - resistance to hydrocarbons, slip resistance

01 - hydrocarbon-resistant, slip-resistant, antistatic properties, energy absorption in the sole

02 - contains 01 and additionally water resistance and absorption

03 - contains 02 and additional penetration resistance and outsole with clips

04 - Region closed the sole, antistatic properties, energy absorption in the sole region

05 - contains 04 and additional penetration resistant outsole with clips

EN 20471

The new international standard for high visibility protective clothing.

Standard contains the following changes:

1. Retro-reflective tape, Class 1 is not optional and Class 2 band is acceptable

2. EN 20471 symbol modified

3. Retro-reflective tape Application: It is a mandatory that is not subject to change, except adding additional bands in required areas.

4. The articles of Class 3 are articles covering trunk or long pants with cuffs

5. fluorescent materials must be tested according to the number of washes brightness expiration on the labeling

6. REQUIREMENTS FOR tensile strength, resistance to burning and wear resistance were reduced

7. Colour resistance was enhanced to 4

8. The color fastness to washing / dry clean fluorescent materials has been reduced to 4

9. Water vapor permeability related requirements for all materials except that conform to EN343 amended

10. Retro-reflective tape: performance testing after application of the method to wash cycle required for each wash cycle and one for cleaning

Performance parameters:

Class 3: Highest Level
The highest level of protection - requested by anyone working at / near motorways or dual carriageways / airports. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.80m2 0.20m2 base material and reflective materials. (4 meter with 5cm width reflective tape)

Class 2: Intermediate level
Asked by anyone working on or near roads Class A or B, also for delivery drivers. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.50m2 0.13m2 base material and reflective materials (2.60m and 5 cm wide reflective tape)

Class 1: Minimum level
Nivelul minim de protectie solicitat de oricine lucreaza la un drum privat sau a fi folosit in combinatie cu un articol de clasa mai inalta. Trebuie sa incorporeze un minim de 0.14m2 material de baza si 0.10m2 de materiale reflectorizante(2metri cu 5 cm latime banda reflectorizanta)

EN 61340

Electrostatic discharge ESD

EN 61340-4-3:2002

Electrostatic Protection - Introduce standard test method for specific applications on shoes. This standard specifies the test method for determining the electrical resistance of footwear. According to both producers and end users.

There are two types of shoes:

Shoes Electro Conductive tested by this method, electrical resistance <1 Ω x10 at5

Shoes Electrostatic dissipative footwear tested by that method, electrical resistance> 1 Ω x10 at 5 to <1 Ω x10 at 8

EN 61340-5-1:2007
Standard for the Protection of electronic devices against electrostatic phenomena. This standard has three main requirements that are focused on planning and program documentation:
ESD Control Program Plan
ESD Compliance Verification Plan
ESD training plan

IEC 61482

Protective clothing against thermal hazards of electric arc

Norm: Draft IEC 61482-2 - Supersedes CLC/TS 50354:2003 (or ENV 50354)

An electric arc or blast as a result of a disruption (e.g. a short circuit) in an electric installation generates a sudden release of intense heat and light causing serious burns, blindness or even death.

This blazing bright electric discharge between two conducting electrodes

- lasts for a very short time (0.5s, 1s and rarely >1s)
- develops a very strong radiant heat (several thousands °C)
- creates high physical forces, a pressure wave and pressure shrapnel
- a splash of molten metal particles or even vaporized metal
- up to 165 db noise

Draft IEC 61482-2 specifies requirements applicable to materials and garments (excl. protection of head, hands and feet) for protective clothing for electrical workers against the thermal hazards of an electric arc. The requirements do not address electric shock hazards nor the effects of noise, UV emissions, pressure shrapnel or toxic influences.

BS 7959

Conducted by BSI Group refers to the material used for the control of liquids.

The standard is divided into 3 categories:
BS 7959-1: 2004 - Determination of absorption capacity.
BS 7959-2: 2000 - Determination of the degree of emersion repellency or oil absorbent materials.
BS 7959-3: 2007 - Coding of color-absorbing materials.


The "TÜV" -- short for Technischer Überwachungs-Verein -- is an organization that tests the safety of technical installations, machinery and motor vehicles.

All vehicles over three years old must undergo a "TÜV" test every two years in order to prove they are safe and roadworthy. Should the vehicle fail the test, it must be deregistered and taken off the road. The "TÜV" also carries out safety tests on a wide range of other products. If they pass the test, products are permitted to carry the GS (Geprüfte Sicherheit) seal.

The independence of the "TÜV" means that this seal is regarded as a guarantee of good quality and reliability.

In addition, the audit guidelines GS integrates a number of specific European products to establish whether operating manuals are correct and complete and ensure that all requirements are met GS

GS marking Benefits

GS internationally recognized brand will help to:

Minimizing of responsibility of the company and avoiding the damages.
Boost Retailer and consumer confidence in the quality and safety of your products.
Offering customers valuable assistance when deciding what products to buy.